National Skill Development Programme : A Perspective
How many times when you need a skilled plumber , carpenter or mason to fix problems in your home, you feel frustrated as you don’t get one easily. Similarly in various other fields like driving crane operator, welder, auto mechanic , you find people either lacking the basic training or being trained by an Ustaad who also never got any formal training. There is large number of youth who drop out either during X or XII stage and does not get any worthwhile job and remains unemployed. Some of them pick up basic labour jobs but majority of them pass their time sitting idle and get into bad habits and unlawful activities.
As Indian Economy is growing there is large requirement of skilled people in every field. Also country requires formalising training for local artisans . be it sericulture, silk weaving, carpet weaving, bamboo, rubber, leather products and many other small scale industries specific to the region. The government had set up Polytechnic schools and ITIs for providing vocational training in every region but over a period either they were not updated or the number of people coming out of these institutes are inadequate to meet the growing requirements.
With growth of IT& ITES sector many of the sectors involving basic skill set were given low priority by youth as well as the government. As a result it was noticed that there is wide gap between the demand and supply.
It is estimated that 70% of Indians will be in ‘working age’ by the year 2025.This demographic dividend’ could give India an edge over the developed countries where a larger segment of the population would by then, be past retirement. However, this demographic dividend can easily turn into a demographic disaster if majority of the working age population remains unemployable due to lack of skills.
The situation is ironic. On one hand, domestic economic growth has created employment demand and job opportunities, while on the other, a shortage of skills is making more people unemployable. There are 18 central government ministries that offer skill development initiatives through school education, institutes of higher learning and specialised vocational training institutes, but real success is yet to be seen. By improving the learners’ employability, we can contribute substantially towards reducing unemployment and underemployment.
Government Initiative : Skill Development
In recognition of this need, the Government of India has adopted skill development and up skilling as a national priority over the next 10 years. The concept paper for this was prepared by Mr Sam Pitroda, Advisor to PM. He also travelled extensively to promote the concept and involve private companies, social entrepreneurs & young minds. The Eleventh Five Year Plan formulated a road-map for skill development in India, and favoured the formation of Skill Development Missions, both at the State and National levels. To create such an institutional base for skill development in India at the national level, a “Coordinated Action on Skill Development” with three-tier institutional structure consisting of the PM’s National Council on Skill Development, the National Skill Development Coordination Board (NSDCB) and the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) was created in early 2008.